Guide for Internship Reports

The following information is taken in full from tips for writing a good internship report by Pierre David, who teaches in the CSMI Master’s program and heads the SIRIS Master’s program in Computer Science.

1. Introduction

The dissertation is an essential part of your internship: its aim is to present, as faithfully as possible, both the scope of the internship (organizational and/or (organizational and/or technical) and your contribution.

Your thesis will be read by a rapporteur, i.e. a member teacher from the teaching team (i.e. someone with expertise in your discipline), whose job it is to evaluate your thesis to understand : - the context in which you have evolved, - your contribution (technical achievement, scientific work) its relevance to the Master’s courses.

You are reminded that plagiarism is punishable by law, by the university and by your examiners: if short quotations are authorized, you must indicate the source.

2. Outline

The exercise consists in presenting a description of your organizational context. organizational context: your referee is not likely to know your the host organization, so you need to present it in terms of its line of business industry and its key figures. In addition, you’ll need to describe your place in the organization: you’ll need to follow a "funnel" description, i.e. start with the organization as a whole and work your way down to your place as a trainee. An organization chart can help you understand your place in the organization or department concerned.

Avoid copying the company’s website, as this may not go down well with the reporter.
presentation of the host organization is compulsory, even if you know that the structure is well known to your rapporteur (e.g. for an internship at the IRMA/Cemosis laboratory). IRMA/Cemosis laboratory). All interns are assessed on this criterion, without exception.

2.1. Missions & Objectives

As an intern, you will have one or more defined missions corresponding corresponding to the duration of your internship. These are unlikely to be known to the reporter. Describe them, preferably early on in the brief, putting them into perspective in relation to the organization’s needs. In addition, describe any particular constraints (financial, technical or other) and the objectives to be achieved, which will help to assess the success of the project..

2.2. Context

The technical or organizational context must be presented.

Remember that your rapporteur has a good grasp of technical concepts, but is not familiar with the particular constraints of your host organization or its business.
Don’t overdo the context: you need to present the minimum to enable the reporter to understand the specific constraints of your internship and your contribution.

2.3. Contributions

This is the main part of your dissertation. You must present your contribution (modeling, methodology, mathematics, presentation of data and initial processing, software realization, state of the art, method, algorithm, evaluation, etc.) in a synthetic manner, without getting bogged down in technical details, but without glossing over the concrete points that will give the rapporteur the most accurate vision of what you’ve implemented.

Don’t sweep any difficulties under the carpet. On the contrary, try to present them and explain where the hard points lie.
Be precise and factual: technologies, algorithms or methods used algorithms or methods used, quantitative data to assess the comparisons made, etc. If you have worked cooperation with others (your supervisor, other people or trainees), please trainees), please give details of your role and achievements. achievements.

The methodology with which you proceed is one of the main criteria for criteria for evaluating your work: problems must be analysed must be analyzed, and the choices you make (or take part in) must be must be explained and justified.

It often happens that, as a trainee, choices are imposed on you: you’re inserting yourself into a context that existed before your arrival, and certain choices are made upstream or implicitly. You need to make them explicit, and show that you have mastered the ins and outs in other words, you have to justify certain choices, even if they’re not your own, to demonstrate your understanding of what’s at stake.

2.4. Assessment

The internship completes your training: you need to take a step back to relate your internship to the skills you acquired during your training, and present the additional skills (technical, personal, behavioral, etc.) you acquired during the internship.

The bilan should show how you stand back from your internship: you can then look back on the course of your internship, your behavior, your approach, your choices, your achievements and your host organization.

3. Form

3.1. Typography

Writing texts obeys precise rules in French: this is called typographie, see <les petites leçons de typographie de Jacques André>.

It’s worth getting to grips with it to give your document a quality look and avoid gross errors.

3.2. Spelling and grammar

Spelling and grammar are essential prerequisites for writing a dissertation. If you’re not sure of your spelling and grammar proofread by a third party. It’s a shame to lose points on this criterion.

3.3. Numbering

Number everything that can be numbered.

  • pages,

  • chapters,

  • sections,

  • figures,

  • tables,

  • equations,

  • bibliography.

Leave the automatic numbering to Latex, which will do it better than you manually.

For Antora users, here’s a template for equations that use a counter:

[stem#eq-<some label>,reftext=Equation ({counter:eqs})]
<Equation here>

Complete example with equation numbering

= My Report
:stem: latexmath
:eqnums: all

== Theory

[stem#eq-ode,reftext=Equation ({counter:eqs})]
\mathbf{M}(t)\mathbf{\ddot{q}}(t) + \mathbf{C}(t)\mathbf{\dot{q}}(t) + \mathbf{K}(t)\mathbf{q}(t)
= \mathbf{F}(\mathbf{q}, \mathbf{\dot{q}}, t)

See <<eq-ode>> for definition.

[stem#eq-emc,reftext=Equation ({counter:eqs})]
E = mc^2

<<eq-emc>> is another equation.

View result of [ex-eqnum]

=== = My Report :sectnums: :stem: latexmath :eqnums: all

4. Theory

\[\mathbf{M}(t)\mathbf{\ddot{q}}(t) + \mathbf{C}(t)\mathbf{\dot{q}}(t) + \mathbf{K}(t)\mathbf{q}(t) = \mathbf{F}(\mathbf{q}, \mathbf{\dot{q}}, t)\]

See Equation (1) for definition.

\[E = mc^2\]

Equation (2) is another equation. ===

Use references if you need to relate several elements of your speech in Latex (ref, pageref and label).

4.1. Bibliography

The bibliography is an important part of your dissertation. It is a criterion of the quality of your work (have you found the right are the documents on which you rely reliable? serious?) You must indicate which documents :

  • reference documents you consulted in your research, to familiarize yourself with your subject or to learn specific techniques ;

  • that you consulted to make your choices or to implement a software or other device;

  • that allow the reader to find out more about a particular point in your brief that you can’t develop further.

The bibliography, see <le document sur citer ses sources et présenter une bibliographie par Savoirs CDI> comes as an appendix, and should give all the information necessary to enable the reader to find the documents concerned: author, title of the document or work, publisher, year of publication, URL if necessary, date of consultation for a website, etc.

Each document in the bibliography has a reference (number, abbreviation, etc.), which you must cite in the text: a document that is not cited should not appear in the bibliography.

5. Defense

Presentations take place at the end of August, and enable students to present their work concisely to a panel of 3 people who attend all presentations.

Presentations last 30 minutes, including 20 minutes of presentations and 10 minutes of questions.

  • Don’t reproduce the brief in your presentation: you don’t have the space or the time. Detach yourself from the brief and start from scratch to build a new speech that takes into account the time constraint.

  • Work on the ideas and messages you want to get across. Count on one idea per slide. Explain the ideas, don’t just suggest them.

  • Don’t overload the text of your presentation: don’t make sentences, but rather insist on a few words to set out your ideas.

  • While you can take liberties with grammar and leave sentences out, you’re not exempt from respecting spelling.

  • Use a sober background so as not to disrupt your message. Number your slides.

  • Use illustrations (diagrams, figures, curves) that can be read from several meters away. Don’t hesitate to take liberties with your presentation style to create a full-page figure.

  • Beware of contrasts: your presentation projected in a brightly lit room will have much poorer contrast than your laptop screen. So avoid light colors on a light background, or light colors on a dark background.

  • One of your missions is to keep your audience’s attention. audience. Remember that the members of the jury may already have a dozen presentations under their belts, as well as a good meal…​ You need to motivate them to listen to you.

  • Above all, don’t read the slides you’re presenting or, even worse, a text you’ve prepared. Look at the audience, not at your slides.

  • Keep to the length of your presentation. Don’t finish too early (so you have nothing to say?), don’t finish too late (so you can’t synthesize and take into account a constraint?).

  • Rehearse. Rehearse. Rehearse. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat.

  • During the question session, let the members of the jury get to the end of their questions, without interrupting them. Don’t hesitate to take a few seconds to reflect on each question, or even to rephrase it to make sure you’ve understood it correctly.


  • J. André. J. André. Petites leçons de typographie. Technical report, IRISA, 1990. > Website.

  • [SavoirsCDI] Savoirs CDI. Citing sources and presenting a bibliography, 2016. > Website .